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Barcelona: Monuments and buildings

Barcelona is famous for having a huge variety of impressive and beautiful monuments. With Gaudí being one of the most famous influencers, the architecture of Barcelona is somehow unique and holds a particular style that can’t be found anywhere else.

Arc de Triomf

Standing at the beginning of the Passeig de Lluís Companys, this majestic arch is 30 meters high and it’s decorated with beautiful ornamentations. Its name literally means Triumphal Arch and it was built in 1888 as the main access gate for the 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition, which was held in the Parc de la Ciutadella. Its designer was the Catalan architect Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas.

Basílica de Santa Maria del Mar

Built between 1329 and 1383, Santa Maria del Mar is a beautiful church designed in the Gothic style. It’s considered an outstanding example of Gothic architecture in Catalonia due to the difficulty of finding large medieval buildings in this style. Although its beauty and immensity are difficult to appreciate because the church is hemmed in by the narrow streets of the district La Ribera, a feeling of spaciousness and light is given by the interior.

Berenguer de Montagut and Ramon Despuig were the architects in charge of building Santa Maria del Mar. During the construction, all the guilds from the district were involved. However, the construction of the church wasn’t easy as some troubles affected and delayed it. For example, a fire in 1379 damaged the important parts of the work. Moreover, an earthquake in 1428 destroyed the rose window in the west end of the church, which was replaced by a new one some years later. Finally, a second fire occurred in 1936 during anticlerical disturbances and destroyed the Baroque altar.

If you’ve ever read the best seller La Catedral del Mar (Cathedral of the Sea) by Ildefonso Falcones, you must visit this church. The book uses the Basílica de Santa Maria del Mar as a background of the history.

There are two different tours that allow you to visit the inside of the cathedral as well as the rooftop and the crypt. The price of them is between 8 and 10€. In this website you can find more information about it and also consult the opening hours.

Photo by Ferran Pestaña / CC BY-SA 2.0

Basílica de Santa Maria del Pi

This Gothic church nestles between Plaça del Pi and Plaça Sant Josep Oriol; two picturesque squares in the Barri Gòtic. It was built in the early 14th century, but it was gutted deliberately by a fire in 1936, during the Civil War. At the end of this period, the church was restored again. Santa Maria del Pi is famous for its large rose window, which is an exact copy of the 14th-century original one. Another highlight of this church is the octagonal belfry. If you’re walking around the Gothic Quarter, you may hear a bell ringing. It’s the sound of Antònia, the biggest of the six bells that crown the belfry of the church.

Some say that the name of the church comes from a pine tree (Pi in Catalan) that still stands in front of the church, but also, and maybe a more realistic option, is because the church was built to honour the Virgin of the Pines.

If you’re curious and want to discover more about this church, enter its website to know the opening hours and the prices of the visits.

Photo by Alessandre Grussu / CC BY-NC-ND

Casa Batlló

Casa Batlló is one of Gaudí’s masterpieces. Even though it’s less known than La Pedrera, for many, it’s even more beautiful and spectacular. The building was originally built in 1877 but was completely redesigned in 1904 by Gaudí.

The original name for the house is Casa dels Ossos (House of bones) and its design is characterised by organic, non-linear shapes with visceral qualities. The facade is mostly decorated with trencadís (a technique highly used by Gaudí that consisted in creating mosaics with broken ceramic pieces) and the roof of the building is arched and decorated to look like the back of a dragon.

To sum it up, it’s an amazing building that became a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in 2005 and we definitely recommend visiting it and enjoy the amazing piece of art that Gaudí made out of that house. If you’re 99% convinced but still not sure, just take a look at some pics of it.

The price for an adult is around 23€ and there are discounts for students, seniors and free entrance for children up to 6yo. The visit lasts about an hour and the opening hours are from 9am to 9pm 365 days a year. We recommend buying the tickets online as they are the same price and you’ll save a lot of your precious time avoiding the long queues at the ticket office. During summer, the roof of Casa Batlló is converted into a place to enjoy a drink while listening to live music.

Photo by Bernard Gagnon / CC BY-SA 3.0

Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia

Although everyone knows it as the Cathedral of Barcelona, its real name is Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia (translated as Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulàlia). Gracing its facade into la Plaça de la Seu, this magnificent Gothic church is one of the most impressive and largest religious edifices in Spain.

It was built over six centuries, so it was constructed in different architectural styles, being the predominant one the Gothic style. The cathedral itself was built between the 13th and the 15th centuries, but all the visible Gothic elements as well as the main facade were added during the late 19th and early 20th century.

As its name indicates, the church is dedicated to different saints, but mostly to Santa Eulàlia, who is one of Barcelona’s patron saints. She was a young virgin who lost her life like a martyr during the Roman times. The reason of her death was to refuse to dismiss that Jesus was God’s son. Many places of the cathedral are related to Santa Eulàlia; the crypt is the burial place of her, where her body lays entombed nowadays, and the secluded cloister keeps 13 white geese honouring Eulàlia’s dying age.

The cathedral is open from 12:30am to 7:45pm on weekdays, from 12:30am to 5:30pm on Saturdays, and from 2pm to 5:30pm on Sundays and festive days. The cultural and tourist visit costs 7€/person and gives you access to different parts of the cathedral including the roof and the cloister. However, if you’re a group the price is reduced to 5€/person. Take a look at its website to find more info about the visiting hours and prices.

Estació de França

Estació de França (France Station) is considered the most beautiful railway station in Barcelona and it’s definitely a piece of art worth visiting (for free!). Its style is a mixture of classic and modern and it’s completed with decorations in bronze, crystal and marble. Despite its size and beauty, not a lot of trains run from the station nowadays.

It was built in 1929 due to the International Exhibition that was held in Barcelona that year. Since then, it has been one of the city’s major stations, connecting France and Barcelona -hence the name of the station. Nonetheless, the station’s status as a major hub for international trains (mainly from France) ended in 2013, when the Trenhotels were discontinued. The reason why was the introduction of a new high-speed train at Sants station covering the trips to Paris and some other French cities.

The railway station was designed by the architect Pedro Muguruza and the engineer Andreu Muntaner, who created an elegant and modern station. The station is divided in two sections: the lobby and the train shed. The most impressive and elegant part is without any doubt the noucentista-style lobby. It’s a spacious area with a clock that keeps accurate time. The other part, the train shed, is made of metal and glass and covers the 7 platforms with 12 tracks.

Photo by Teresa Grau Ros / CC BY-SA

La Pedrera

The Casa Milà, internationally known as La Pedrera, was the last masterpiece of Gaudí before he devoted himself totally to the construction of La Sagrada Família. This famous building is located at the Eixample district and it’s a referent for the Modernist movement. In 1984 it was declared by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

As you can deduct from its nickname “La Pedrera”, which means “stone quarry”, it looks like a giant rock, broken only by wrought-iron balcony railings and undulating lines. What distinguishes this building from the rest of Gaudí’s work, is the colourless facade and the organic architecture. Gaudí designed La Pedrera inspired by natural shapes so barely any angles can be found in the building. For example, if you look at the facade you can see the parallelism with the waves of the sea.

The house consists of two parts that are connected only by the facade, the roof and the ground floor. Each of those parts has its own yard and its own entrance. As a curiosity, the house has a natural ventilation system -meaning no need of air conditioning. The top attraction of La Pedrera is without any doubt the dreamlike roof. It gives you outstanding views of the city as well as leave you speechless because of the variety of forms and colours of the chimneys, staircases and ventilation shafts.

So, how did the history of La Pedrera start? There was a couple named Milà who possessed a property on Passeig de Gràcia and they decided they wanted to build a house there. They wanted something special, something that standed out in the Eixample district. For that reason, they hired a very successful and innovative architect: Gaudí. The construction started in 1906 and it was completed in 1912.

La Pedrera is now a museum and it’s open to the public for visits and tours. Find more info at its website. Moreover, a lot of cultural events take place at La Pedrera, such as theatre plays or jazz music concerts during summer nights.

Photo by Francois Morard / CC BY-ND

Mercat de la Boqueria

This market, situated at the heart of Les Rambles a representation of Barcelona’s life and history, full of colour and life. La Boqueria is Barcelona’s first local market and it dates from 1840. It was opened the day of Saint Joseph (19th of March) in commemoration of Saint Joseph’s convent that used to be in that same place. However, way before that time, we can find some signs of selling activity in Les Rambles, where peddlers were selling meat in the 13th century.

Nowadays, La Boqueria is the oldest and most complete food market in the city. You can literally find anything you want, from high-quality and fresh fish to the most exotic types of fruit and, of course, the typical and delicious Serrano ham!

Keep in mind that La Boqueria is closed on Sundays. The open hours for the rest of the days are from 8am to 8:30pm. If you want to discover more about it, check its website.

Photo by Estorde / CC BY-NC-ND

Palau de la Generalitat

The Palau de la Generalitat is one of the few buildings of medieval origin in Europe that still maintains its original function. It’s the seat of the government and houses the institution that originally built it. Moreover, the building is home to the offices of the Presidency of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the institution under which the nation of Catalonia is politically organised.

The original building, located on the Carrer de Sant Honorat, was purchased by Alfons de Tous in 1400. During the 15th century, several extensions were carried out by Marc Safont and the palace turned into a Gothic building. During the 16th century, a radical change occurred when the principal facade was built on the Plaça de Sant Jaume. The facade was inspired by the Italian Renaissance, becoming the first grand facade of this architectural style in Catalonia.

The Palau de la Generalitat is one of Catalonia’s most valued symbols, mainly because it has survived a lot of political and historical disasters. Up to now, 130 presidents have governed from this building, starting from Berenguer de Cruïlles in 1359 to Carles Puigdemont currently.

Photo by Jan Harenburg / CC BY 4.0

Palau de la Música

Located in the Sant Pere district, the Palau de la Música Catalana is an architectural pearl in the Modernist style. The building is so beautiful and impressive that it’s the only concert venue listed as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO (in 1997).

It was built between 1905 and 1908 by the modernist architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner with the purpose of being the home of the Orfeó Català, a choral society based in Barcelona, and it was all funded by public donations.

The most well-known part of the building is the concert hall, which consists of 2015 seats with an ornate glass roof. It’s mainly used for recitals and concerts.

If you’re into classical music, the best way to discover the interior of this building is to see a concert. If not, the building is worth a visit so you can just take the guided tours which allow you to explore the building in fifty minutes. The tours can be in English but it’s better to book them online because it tends to fill up quickly.

Photo by Jiuguang Wang / CC BY-SA 3.0

Park Güell

Park Güell is a tribute to nature. It’s an enchanting place where Gaudí’s passion for natural forms is reflected and the artificial seems as natural as nature itself.

The park was originated in 1900, when Eusebi Güell bought a tree-covered hillside -it was still outside Barcelona at that time- and hired the famous architect Antoni Gaudí to create a minicity of houses for the wealthy people. The project was abandoned 14 years later, but at that time, Gaudí had already built some roads and walks, a giant square and two gatehouses in his inimitable style. Such a piece of art couldn’t be just left there and forgotten so, in 1922, the city bought it to be used as a public park. In 1984, the park was included in the UNESCO list of cultural heritage.

The main attractions of this park are the Sala Hipòstila, which represents a forest with 86 columns and was originally intended as a marketmof the residential area; the staircase guarded in the middle by a dragon made of split ceramics situated at the main entrance of the park (Carrer d’Olot); and the Plaça de la Natura, a huge open space famous for a multi-coloured tiled bench curving around its parameter. This giant platform was not built as a decoration but with the function of a place to catch the rainwater washing down the hillside. Moreover, the spired house at the entrance is now a museum but it was where Gaudí lived for most of his last 20 years.

If you’re there, don’t forget to walk to the Turó del Calvari, in the southwest corner of the park, which is the best point for enjoying a breathtaking view of Barcelona.

The park has become so popular during the last years that only a certain number of visitors are allowed every half hour. For this reason, and to avoid the huge queues, it’s wise to book ahead.

Sagrada Família

The most famous masterpiece of Antoni Gaudí. Although unfinished, its beauty and magnificence can be appreciated from every angle. The Sagrada Família is an international center for spirituality, visited by millions of people each year, and listed as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

Long story short, the construction started in 1882 as a completely different project led by the president of the Holy Brotherhood, José María Bocabella, who wanted to create a church dedicated to the Holy Family (Sagrada Família in Catalan). The architect Francisco del Villar was the one in charge of designing the church in the Gothic style. He began with the construction of the crypt, but afterwards the plans were stopped due to disagreements with Bocabella. The year after, Gaudí took over the project, redesigned it in a completely different style and found his life’s work on it. Due to the lush design and huge dimension of the church, it became known as “the cathedral”, although it didn’t host a bishop’s seat. Since then, many architects have continued Gaudí’s work and the goal is to finish the whole construction by 2026, 100 years after Gaudí’s death. Right now, the construction is financed exclusively by donations and entrance fees.

This basilica hides a complex symbology and history behind its walls, with the purpose of explaining the history of the Christian faith and understanding the Christian religion. The basilica has three monumental facades, each one representing a crucial event of Christ’s life. The Nativity facade celebrates the birth of the Messiah, the Passion facade is known as the portal of suffering and it tells the last weeks of Jesus’ life, and the Glory facade -which is not finished yet and it’ll be the most impressive one- will represent one’s ascension to God: death, the Last Judgment, hell and bliss.

As we said, the building is still under construction so expect to see a lot of work when you visit it. However, this doesn’t have to stop you from going as it’s part of the Sagrada Familía’s history.

We recommend to buy the tickets online before your visit as it’s normally very crowded and the queues can be extremely long. Check out Sagrada Família’s official website to check the visiting hours and the ticket prices.

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